Circus Tree: Six individual sycamore trees were shaped, bent, and braided to form this.
how the hell do you bend and braid a tree
Actually pretty easy. Trees don’t reject tissue from other trees in the same family. You bend the tree to another tree when it is a sapling, scrape off the bark on both trees where they touch, add some damp sphagnum moss around them to keep everything slightly moist and bind them together. Then wait a few years- The trees will have grown together.
You can use a similar technique to graft a lemon branch or a lime branch or even both- onto an orange tree and have one tree that has all three fruits.
As a biologist I can clearly state that plants are fucking weird and you should probably be slightly afraid of them.
On that note! At the university (UBC) located in town, the Agriculture students were told by their teacher that a tree flipped upside down would die. So they took an excavator and flipped the tree upside down. And it’s still growing. But the branches are now the roots, and the roots are now these super gnarly looking branches. Be afraid.
But Vi, how can you mention that and NOT post a picture? D:
Contrary to stereotypes of minimum wage workers as teenagers or part-timers, nearly half of those who would be affected by L.A.’s proposed new minimum wage of $13.25 an hour are between 30 and 54 years old.
If Latin America had not been pillaged by the U.S. capital since its independence, millions of desperate workers would not now be coming here in such numbers to reclaim a share of that wealth; and if the United States is today the world’s richest nation, it is in part because of the sweat and blood of the copper workers of Chile, the tin miners of Bolivia, the fruit pickers of Guatemala and Honduras, the cane cutters of Cuba, the oil workers of Venezuela and Mexico, the pharmaceutical workers of Puerto Rico, the ranch hands of Costa Rica and Argentina, the West Indians who died building the Panama Canal, and the Panamanians who maintained it.
Juan Gonzalez, Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America (via neruda-bro)
Paleontologists have long wondered how extinct saber-toothed cats like Smilodon used their lengthy fangs when tackling and chewing prey. For decades, researchers thought the cats first bit into their prey with their lower jaws and then used strong neck muscles to roll their head forward and downward to power a bite. But that technique probably wouldn’t work, a pathologist now suggests, because rotation of the head alone wouldn’t help close the jaws. At the full gape needed to get its teeth around prey, he notes, the cat’s jaw muscles wouldn’t have good leverage and bite forces would be relatively weak. Instead, he proposes, a cat first jammed its lower jaw against its prey (top image), similar to the previous model. But then the creature stood up on its forelimbs (bottom image). That motion increased leverage by both raising the base of the neck and rotating the head forward, which powered the fangs into the prey. That motion is comparable to punching a hole in a can with an old-fashioned can opener (the kind that makes a triangular hole on the can’s lid), he proposes today in PLOS ONE. Computer simulations might confirm whether the new model is plausible, the pathologist suggests.